Jesus and Apostles
An Overview Of Their Teaching


This bible study is designed to show us some of the teachings of Christ and how the Apostles interpreted his teachings.
As we begin our study we should keep in mind that Jesus taught the apostles and then they were commissioned to go, teach and preach the gospel to the world. We find this in the gospel of Matthew.

(Mat 28:16-20 KJV) "Then the eleven disciples went away into Galilee, into a mountain where Jesus had appointed them. {17} And when they saw him, they worshipped him: but some doubted. {18} And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. {19} Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: {20} Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen."

With that in mind we will start this study with the life of Christ.

1. The Life Of Christ:

A. Virgin Birth - Matthew 1

Concerning the birth of Christ we find scriptures of prophecy from the old testament speaking of his birth. For instance, in the book if Isaiah we find:

(Isa 7:14 KJV) Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel. (Isa 9:6 KJV) For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.


In the new testament you find his miraculous birth recorded.
(Mat 1:23 KJV) "Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us." Also we read (Mat 1:21 KJV) "And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins."

He was born so that we might have life. He was the Christ that was to come and save his people from their sins. As you read the gospels you find God was protecting him while he was a baby in text such as, (Matthew 2:13). "the angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him".

Concerning the childhood of Jesus we have limited information. We do know more details about his youth. We know he was taken to Egypt when he was very young with Joseph and Mary. He learned carpenters skills in Nazareth. (Mark 6:3 KJV)"Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us? And they were offended at him."

B. Performed Many Miracles In The Gospels:

When he was thirty he began his public ministry. For three and a half years his public ministry was filled with miracles and teaching. The four gospels record many miracles and healings by Jesus. You find he healed the blind, the lame, cleansed lepers, restored hearing to the deaf and raised the dead. (Matthew 9:27-30, John 5:5, Matthew 8:2-2, Mark 7:35-37, John 11:41-44)

C. Crucified - Mark 15

We find even though Jesus had all power, he was crucified. He was the perfect example of humanity. He could have used his deity for his own desires and lift himself up to an earthly thrown. Satan tried to get him to use his power inappropriately when he tempted him in the wilderness. (Mark 1:13 KJV) "And he was there in the wilderness forty days, tempted of Satan; and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered unto him."

As his birth was a miracle so was his death. He laid down his life for us. He was betrayed (Matthew 26:46-50), beaten (John 19:1) as prophecy had said in Isaiah 50:6, Isaiah 52:14,, then he was crucified between two criminals and died for our sins. (Rom 5:8 KJV) "But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us." (2 Cor 5:21 KJV) "For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him."

D. Risen - Mark 16

We know Christ has risen for the scriptures declare it in , (1 Cor 15:3-4 KJV)"For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; {4} And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:"     Death could not hold him! Jesus rose from the dead and is alive today.

Since Jesus has risen we also have the hope of resurrection,
(1 Pet 1:3 KJV) "Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,"

So that we know this wasn't done in secret,the bible tells us he appeared to his disciples Matthew 28:16-20, Mark 16:9-20, Luke 24:13-53, Acts 1:3, I Corinthians 15:4-7. . They are a testimony of his resurrection.

2. Teachings of Christ

A. Great commandment - Matthew 22:36-40

Jesus taught many parables such as "The Sower - Matthew 13:1-23, Pearl of Great Price Matthew 13:45, The Talents Matthew 25:14 -25. These can teach us great lessons we can apply to our life. But Jesus also taught on the great commandment. It tells us how to love God.

(Mat 22:36-40 KJV)"Master, which is the great commandment in the law? {37} Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. {38} This is the first and great commandment. {39} And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. {40} On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets."

This doctrine is chosen as the most vital and most important This causes us to fulfill the other commandments. We should love God in a fashion that is acceptable to him. He said if you love me you will keep my commandments, (John 14:15 KJV) "If ye love me, keep my commandments."

B. Jesus taught on being Born Again

(John 3:1-7 KJV) "There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews: {2} The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be with him. {3} Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God. {4} Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter the second time into his mother's womb, and be born? {5} Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. {6} That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. {7} Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again."

Jesus proclaimed you must be born again if you would see the kingdom of God. Nicodemus didn't understand so Jesus told him being born again requires a man be born of water and of the Spirit.

Being born again involves submission to the will of God. It is hard for some to submit their will to another. We find that Jesus said you must enter in at the straight gate. Because straight is the gate and narrow is the way that leads unto life and few find it.

C. Jesus taught that men should repent

(Mat 4:17 KJV) "From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand."

A person should take the Word of God seriously and submit to it's authority. When we understand something from the scripture we should remember that to love God is to obey him, according to the great commandment.

So far we have covered a few of the things Jesus taught on. As you read through the New Testament you will discover other important topics that Jesus taught.

3. Authority Of The Scriptures

We have the bible so we might be able to learn what is true. The bible is God's will for us. When you are reading the scriptures it's important to know that God considers them as the truth. (John 17:17 KJV) "Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth."

Your opinions will not stand up before God. The Word is truth and it is the only authority that will matter when we face him. It is the final authority concerning the things of God. We can never hide from the word of God. It will always remain.

(Mat 24:35 KJV) "Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away."

The Word of God has authority, will never pass away and it will also judge us.

(John 12:48 KJV) "He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day."

We should study the scriptures and follow after the truth.

*** It Has The Final Authority ***

4. Authority Of The Apostles

(Eph 2:20 KJV) "And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;".

Many people say I would rather believe the words of Jesus than the apostles. In reality we only know what Jesus said because the apostles tell us what he said in the gospels. We should realize Jesus is Lord, he gave authority to the apostles. Ephesians 2:20 tells us we are built upon the foundations of the apostles. They proclaimed Jesus as Lord, Jesus being the chief corner stone.

We see the apostles had an important role in the foundation of the church. Jesus prayed for those that would believe through their word.

(John 17:17-20 KJV) Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth. {18} As thou hast sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world. {19} And for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also might be sanctified through the truth. {20} Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word;"

The importance placed on them in spreading the gospel can be seen in;

(2 Cor 4:3 KJV) "But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost:"

Apostle Paul called it OUR gospel. So by these scriptures we see the apostles doctrines are very important and should be followed.

5. What Did The Apostles Teach

When going through the scriptures you find the apostles taught about the Death - Burial - Resurrection of Jesus Christ. They also taught people how to apply the death, burial, and resurrection to their life so that they might find eternal life through Jesus Christ.

A. Peter

ACTS 2
In Acts 2 we find a situation where people ask what they must do concerning Jesus. Peter had just explained to them that Jesus was the Lord and Christ, whom they had crucified. The people ask Peter (and the rest of the apostles) what they must do. This is what apostle Peter said in the presence of all the other apostles:

(Acts 2:37-39 KJV) "Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do? {38} Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. {39} For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call."

ACTS 8
In Acts 8 we see that some people in Samaria heard the word of God and had been baptized. Evidently they had not received the Holy Ghost after believing and being baptized. When the apostles heard of this in Jerusalem they sent Peter and John to them so they could pray with them to receive the Holy Ghost. This was most important to fulfill Christ teaching of the new birth, Being Born Of The Water And The Spirit. We find this in:

(Acts 8:14-17 KJV) "Now when the apostles which were at Jerusalem heard that Samaria had received the word of God, they sent unto them Peter and John: {15} Who, when they were come down, prayed for them, that they might receive the Holy Ghost: {16} (For as yet he was fallen upon none of them: only they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.) {17} Then laid they their hands on them, and they received the Holy Ghost."

ACTS 10
In Acts 10 we see that Peter was preaching to Cornelius and other people when they heard the Word and received the Holy Ghost. Peter at this time said they should be baptized in the name of the Lord. This is found in:

(Acts 10:44-48 KJV) "While Peter yet spake these words, the Holy Ghost fell on all them which heard the word. {45} And they of the circumcision which believed were astonished, as many as came with Peter, because that on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost. {46} For they heard them speak with tongues, and magnify God. Then answered Peter, {47} Can any man forbid water, that these should not be baptized, which have received the Holy Ghost as well as we? {48} And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. Then prayed they him to tarry certain days."

B. What did the Apostle Paul Teach

We see that he came upon some believers in Ephesus. He ask them if they had received the Holy Ghost since they believed. They said they haven't even heard of the Holy Ghost. Paul began to tell them they should believe on Jesus. When they heard this message they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus, then apostle Paul laid hands on them and they received the Holy Ghost.

(Acts 19:1-7 KJV) "And it came to pass, that, while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul having passed through the upper coasts came to Ephesus: and finding certain disciples, {2} He said unto them, Have ye received the Holy Ghost since ye believed? And they said unto him, We have not so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost. {3} And he said unto them, Unto what then were ye baptized? And they said, Unto John's baptism. {4} Then said Paul, John verily baptized with the baptism of repentance, saying unto the people, that they should believe on him which should come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus. {5} When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. {6} And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Ghost came on them; and they spake with tongues, and prophesied. {7} And all the men were about twelve."

So we find from these scriptures the apostles taught repentance, baptism in the name of the Lord or Jesus Christ, and that people will receive the Holy Ghost. It is worthy to note that the Holy Ghost was not given when people believed on the Lord. Sometimes they believed and were baptized and received the Holy Ghost later. Sometimes they believed and received the Holy Ghost first then were commanded to be baptized.

6. Are These Things Important

Jesus sent the apostles out to preach the gospel, disciple people, train them and instruct them in the ways of God. They were to bring truth to us so we could take the truth to others. As we search the scriptures and see what the apostles taught we are to do as they did. We are to baptize like them, pray for people to receive the Holy Ghost as they did. The scriptures state,

(Jude 1:3 KJV) "Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto you of the common salvation, it was needful for me to write unto you, and exhort you that ye should earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints."

We are to "earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints". What was delivered to the saints? We must trust the scriptures concerning these things.

From what we have discovered in this lesson we know what was delivered to the saints. That being the gospel that the apostles preached, (Jesus crucified, died, and resurrected), and the common salvation through repentance, water baptism in the name of Jesus Christ, and receiving the Holy Ghost. This matches what Jesus taught, repentance, and being born of the water (baptism) and of the Spirit (receiving the Holy Ghost).

Let us all contend for the faith!


Back To Main Page




Copyright 2003, Maurice Ebarb, All Rights Reserved. This study may be freely used and reproduced, wholly or in part, by the Christian Church for non-profit purposes of study and training, provided the copyright and contact information is included. Maurice Ebarb Anchorage Pentecostal Tabernacle P. O. Box 233153 Anchorage, Alaska 99523-3153 (907) 563-7248